Through the INSC the EU supports joint projects with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and contributes towards completion of the Chernobyl projects through the Chernobyl Funds managed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The EU is the largest donor to these Funds devoted to the completion of vital work at Chernobyl.
Major elements of INSC cooperation with non-EU countries include the promotion and development of effective regulatory frameworks, technical support to regulatory bodies, nuclear operators and national technical safety organisations, including in the field of nuclear safeguards, radioactive waste management and emergency preparedness. EU support is aimed at ensuring that nuclear safety is the leading concept in regulatory and legal frameworks and operational decisions in non-EU countries.
Cooperation under INSC is ongoing or planned with approximately 15 countries worldwide, bilaterally and regionally. The EU is cooperating with countries in the Eastern European Neighbourhood and Central Asia region. Individual projects are elaborated in detail in the Annual Action Programmes.