Features of the program period 2014-2020

The long-term goal of the EU for Belarus is to become a democratic, stable, reliable, and increasingly prosperous partner with which the enlarged EU will share not only common borders but also a common agenda driven by shared values. The EU and Belarus have signed a Framework Agreement (18.12.2008) which sets out the detailed provisions concerning the rules applicable to actions financed wholly or partly by the EU and introduces the supremacy of the Belarusian law over all activities funded by the EU in Belarus. The 2004 National Strategy for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development of Belarus until 2020 (NSSD 2020) is the principal development policy document for the country. The operational development priorities are set by the Programme of Socio-Economic Development for 2011-2015. Programming of international assistance in Belarus is shaped by the National Programme of International Technical Co-operation (NPITC). The 2012-2016 NPITC programmes continue the focus on the national priorities of:
  • human, initiative and business development;
  • efficient state administration and upgrading public services quality; 
  • environmental sustainability;
  • regional development.
The regular five-year NP ITC programmes are drafted in accordance with national priorities based on the proposals submitted by the relevant central public administration bodies, Oblast and Minsk City Executive Committees as well as other institutions and organizations. National priorities within the NP ITC are based on the principles of sustainable social and economic development and targeted at forming a powerful national economy, carrying out social reforms leading to an increased level of prosperity, raising the level of environmental protection to overcome the effects of the Chernobyl  disaster. 

The current 2012-2016 NPITC programme is based on the Programme of Social and Economic Development of Belarus for 2011-2015 and the National Strategy of Sustainable Social and Economic Development of Belarus for the period till 2020. The programme continues the focus on the national priorities of human development, improvement of level of life, social development and assistance; Sustainable economic growth through innovation, international cooperation, investment and resource and energy efficiency; Environment protection, ecological sustainability, rehabilitation of Chernobyl affected areas. 

Sectors of intervention for the programming period 2014 -2017 

  • Social inclusion – The EU intervention in the related fields of public health and social inclusion can ensure wide public outreach of EU activities, policy innovations and dialogue with local and regional authorities, whereby civil society can play a more prominent role in terms of expertise and service delivery. Support to the needs of the evolving labor markets with the development of human capital, including support to vocational training - especially for the disadvantaged, will provide additional opportunities. 
  • Environment - The European Union can essentially assist in achieving the goals and intentions of the NSSD 2020 areas: Improving the system of regulation and economic incentives in environmental management and protection; adoption of legislative and regulatory acts on environmental management, water use and environmental protection and their harmonisation with European standards; introduction of resource-saving techniques and technologies, environmentally sound production; enhancing the environmental capacity of forest, land and water resources; reducing emissions of pollutants; rationalisation of generation, treatment and disposal of industrial and consumer waste; modernisation of environmental monitoring and awareness raising. The environment remains at the core of sustainable development both in EU and Belarus policy. 
  • Local / Regional Economic Development will remain one of the top Government priorities for the foreseeable future. In particular, the current Programme of SocioEconomic Development for 2011-2015 outlines an ambitious modernisation agenda, including sustainable regional development, development of human capital, structural reform of the economy, intense support to SMEs and private sector, creation of an environment conducive for business and competitiveness, improved economic governance and integration into the world economy. The assistance in this sector focusing on supporting regional and local development as well as Green Economy. Considering the existing disparities between capital and regions, support to local and regional private initiatives, SMEs and social enterprises is a key area of intervention that 16 complements current national efforts. 
  • Complementary support measures to Civil Society The NSSD 2020 underline the role of NGOs, trade unions, business and science as organisations and sectors that are necessary for sustainable development in Belarus. The proposed measures will complement the support included in the focal areas. The assistance in this sector aims to complement the direct assistance to support civil society provided by other thematic instruments and to provide targeted support to students not covered by the EU educational programmes;
  • Complementary support for capacity development In addition to sector-related assistance, this complementary support will provide specific assistance for the implementation of priority commitments deriving from future possible EU agreements and the dialogue on mobility that are not already covered under the three sectors of concentration. The indicative bilateral allocation for the programming period 2014 -2017 is MEUR 71 to MEUR 89. The indicative breakdown by sector is the following:

    Sector of intervention 1Social inclusion30%
    Sector of intervention 2Environment 25%
    Sector of intervention 3Local / Regional Economic development 25%
    Complementary support to Civil Society 10%
    Complementary support for Capacity Development 10%
    Under the new ENP the incentive-based approach ('more-for-more') plies. In budgetary terms this means that the more a country progresses in its democratic reforms and institutional building, the more additional support it can expect. They support partner countries on the path towards democratic transition, contribution to address their needs in view of economic recovery and efforts undertaken to reduce inequality.