In Belarus, international technical assistance (ITA) is regarded as an additional resource for sustainable social and economic development. The state policy in the field is determined by the ITA developed by the Ministry of Economy national programmes for international technical cooperation (NPITC), which set its priorities in the field of attraction and use of the ITA, as well as project proposals include government agencies and other organizations in the priority areas of cooperation. Currently, there are NPITC for 2012 - 2016, based on the Programme of socio-economic development of Belarus for 2011 - 2015 years and the National Strategy for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development of the Republic of Belarus for the period up to 2030.
The largest contributor of ITA to Belarus is the European Union (EU), which currently provides the ITA mainly in the framework of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) and the Nuclear Safety Co-operation Instrument (INSC).
Within the framework of the ENPI EU has contributed into ITA to Belarus in 2007 - 2013 the amount of 187.87 million euro, including:
- National programme - 71.4 million EUR;
- Eastern Regional Programme - 24.220 million EUR;
- Interregional Programme - 16.8 million EUR;
- Cross Border Cooperation Programme as a whole - 55.33 million EUR;
- Thematic programs - 13.03 million EUR.
During this period, the ITA from EU to Belarus provided in the following areas of cooperation: justice and home affairs, environment, construction of border infrastructure, social protection, nuclear safety, education, standards, certification, metrology, local government and provided in the form of advice, training of Belarusian specialists , supply of equipment, implementation of pilot projects. The main beneficiaries of the EU ITA in Belarus are: Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Internal Affairs, State Border Committee, State Customs Service, Ministry of Emergency Situations, Ministry of Education, regional executive committees, public organizations.
From 2014 to 2020 GG ICC EU is Belarus, mainly through the National, Eastern regional, interregional programs, CBC programs and thematic program ENI and INSC. These programs are described in bulletins Informational bulletin №2: The European Union's External Assistance Instruments for 2014 - 2020 and Informational bulletin №4: The European Neighbourhood Instrument for Belarus.